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Ferns are popular plants but not always easy to maintain in normal household conditions. There are many varieties from which to choose. They will do well in bright indirect light and require a regular schedule of watering and care. They should not be allowed to dry out completely.
Ferns can be a little intolerant of conditions that don't meet their requirements. Some indoor plants will survive just about anywhere but ferns need constant moisture and more humidity than many plants. Bright light is the proper placement for most ferns though a few may tolerate a lower light situation.
Be prepared to spend more time on ferns than you would on some other plants. My pick for the easiest fern to be grown in the home would be the Bird's Nest Fern, Asplenium Nidus. It is fairly easy as fern plants go and will not make the mess that many other ferns do when they drop leaflets.
Of the many different ferns, one of the more commonly known is the Boston Fern, a type of Nephrolepis fern. They are often seen as display plants on exterior wrap-around porches, especially in warmer climates.
The Adiantum Fern is a delicate feathery fern with a dark, wiry stem. Its common name is Maidenhair Fern.
Asplenium Nidus has spear shaped fronds and a fibrous nest in the center, explaining its common name of Bird's Nest Fern.
Another pretty little fern that is fairly easy to grow is the Button Fern or Pellaea Rotundifolia. It tends to prefer it a little dryer than some other ferns. Pteris is also fairly hardy and is also quite eye catching, especially the variegated varieties.
Most ferns will need to be kept on the moist side, never drying out completely. However, when watering any houseplant you need to consider many things, including the lighting and environment in which you place the plant. See watering plants indoor and lighting for your plants for information on what are the most important parts of indoor plant care.
Ferns tend to lose foliage on a regular basis, especially if the lighting is not quite right, the humidity is too low or the watering is not correct. The lower, older fronds should be the first to go, as they are replaced with new growth. Cut out any fronds as they begin to yellow or turn brown as this will help encourage new growth. Ferns can look unsightly if they are not kept well groomed.
A note about ferns, generally if your fern is not doing well because of poor lighting or perhaps you forgot to water it, you can cut off all of the stems almost to soil level and they will grow back. They can fill back in quickly but it does depend on the environment and the time of year. This may not work if the root system has been damaged by over watering.
Keep your fern foliage clean and initially keep an eye out for insect problems. Mealybug and scale can sometimes be a problem but a good wash down with soapy water should be sufficient to control these pests. On some ferns this can be difficult and it may be easier to remove the foliage with the pest problems first and then spray the rest with soap mixture. Just make sure you treat as soon as you notice a problem as they can damage your plant.
Thanks for visiting and come back soon as plant care information, pictures and more are being added all of the time. I hope that your indoor tropical ferns and all of your plants and flowers are happy, green and growing because that is why I started this site PlantAndFlowerInfo.com.
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